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Indirect/Outside Research

 
 

These peer-reviewed articles examine the effectiveness of Lindamood-Bell instruction and are published in scientific journals. Lindamood-Bell sensory-cognitive instruction was used as the intervention for the studies listed.

Below, you will find information on these research articles including references, abstracts, links to the articles in their entirety, and more.

Please email support.rd@lindamoodbell.com for assistance accessing any of the research on our website. The R&D Department also welcomes any further questions or comments.

Socioeconomic dissociations in the neural and cognitive bases of reading disorders

Childhood socioeconomic status (SES) strongly predicts disparities in reading development, yet it is unknown  whether early environments also moderate the cognitive and neurobiological bases of reading disorders (RD)  such as dyslexia, the most prevalent learning disability. SES-diverse 6–9-year-old children (n = 155, half with  RD) completed behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) tasks engaging…

Training Phonological Awareness with and without Explicit Attention to Articulation

Wise, B. W., Ring, J., & Olson, R. K. (1999). Training phonological awareness with and without explicit attention to articulation. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 72, 271-304. https://doi.org/10.1006/jecp.1999.2490 One hundred twenty-two second- to fifth-grade (7- to 11-year-old) children with reading difficulties studied phonological awareness with or without explicit attention to articulation and with or without…

Toward a Unified Theory of Reading

Sadoski, M., & Paivio, A. (2007). Toward a unified theory of reading. Scientific Studies of Reading, 11(4), 337-356. doi: 10.1080/10888430701530714 Despite nearly 40 years of scientific theorizing about reading, the field remains fragmented with little progress toward unification. In this article, we (a) emphasize the privileged position of unified theories in all science, (b) compare…

Phonological Awareness Intervention: Comparison of Fast ForWord, Earobics, and LiPS

Pokorni, J. L., Worthington, C. K., & Jamison, P. J. (2004). Phonological awareness intervention: comp;arison of Fast ForWord, Earobics, and LiPS. The Journal of Educational Research, 93(3), 147-157. https://doi.org/10.3200/JOER.97.3.147-158 Researchers have found that training in phonemic awareness (PA), a fundamental element for reading acquisition, is effective in varying degrees, depending on characteristics of the audience….

Reading intervention and neuroplasticity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of brain changes associated with reading intervention

Perdue, M. V., Mahaffy, K., Vlahcevic, K., Wolfman, E., Erbeli, F., Richlan, F., & Landi, N. (2021). Reading intervention and neuroplasticity: A systematic review and meta-analysis of brain changes associated with reading intervention. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 132 (2022), 465-494. doi: 10.1016/j.neurobiorev.2021.11.011 Behavioral research supports the efficacy of intervention for reading disability, but the brain…

Helping Students to Add Detail and Flair to Their Stories

Patel, P., & Laud, L. (2009). Helping students to add detail and flair to their stories. Preventing School Failure, 54: 1, 2-11. doi.org/10.3200/PSFL.54.1.2-11 This action research case study measured the effectiveness of a writing strategy designed to enhance imagery in stories that 3 students with severe writing difficulties (2 were identified as learning disabled, 1…

Computer-Based Remedial Training in Phoneme Awareness and Phonological Decoding: Effects on the Posttraining Development

Olson, R. K., Wise, B., Ring, J., & Johnson, M. (1997). Computer-based remedial training in phoneme awareness and phonological decoding: effects on the posttraining development of word recognition. Scientific Studies of Reading, 1(3), 235-253. This article reports results from 1- and 2-year follow-up tests for children with reading problems who had previously received 25 hr…

Genes, environment, and dyslexia: the 2005 Norman Geschwind Memorial Lecture.

Olson, R. K. (2006). Genes, environment, and dyslexia: the 2005 Norman Geschwind Memorial Lecture. Annals of Dyslexia, 56(2), 205-238. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11881-006-0010-6 This article presents an overview of some methods and results from our continuing  studies of genetic and environmental influences on dyslexia, and on individual differences across the normal range that have been conducted over the…

Exploring the potential of LiPS instruction for beginning readers

McIntyre, L., Protz, S., & McQuarrie, L. (2008). Exploring the potential of LiPS instruction for beginning readers. Developmental Disabilities Bulletin, 36:1&2, 18-48. https://dascentre.educ.ualberta.ca/ The purpose of this study was to determine if phonemic awareness skills improved for first grade students classified as at‐risk whose teachers used the Lindamood Phoneme Sequencing Program (LiPS; Lindamood & Lindamood,…

Development of Phonological and Orthographic Skill: A 2- Year Longitudinal Study of Dyslexic Children

Manis, F. R., Custodio, R., & Szeszulski, P. A. (1993). Development of phonological and orthographic skill: A 2-year longitudinal study of dyslexic children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 56(1), 64–86. https://doi.org/10.1006/jecp.1993.1026 Twenty-one dyslexic children, ages 9-15, were administered a battery of tests on two occasions separated by 2 years to assess the development of word recognition and…

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Lindamood-Bell summer instruction helps kids of all ages and abilities catch up or get ahead in reading, comprehension, and math. Our evidence-based approach is proven effective for students with challenges that affect learning, including dyslexia, autism, and ADHD. ✅📚✨
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#LindamoodBellAcademy #LindamoodBell #privateschool
Every summer, we help kids of all ages and abilities catch up or get ahead in reading, comprehension, and math. 🌞
Our evidence-based instruction is proven effective for students with challenges that affect learning, including dyslexia, autism, and ADHD. ✅✨
Visit our website for more info and get started today! 🌐🚀
Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
Summer learning at Lindamood-Bell can improve your child’s reading, comprehension, or math skills in just a few weeks!
⭐ Personalized one-to-one sessions
⭐ Available in person or live online
⭐ Proven effective for students with dyslexia and ADHD
Give your child the confidence and skills they need to succeed in school. Save your spot today! 
Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
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#lindamoodbell #summerslide #testimonial
🌟Join us July 15-19 for Academy Week at our Learning Centers! 🌟
Experience Lindamood-Bell Academy firsthand and discover how our unique school helps students thrive.
Learn more and join the celebration! 🎉Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
When Mason's mom noticed he was struggling with reading and comprehension, she wasted no time in getting him the help he needed. At Lindamood-Bell, his reading ability improved, and so did his confidence and self-esteem! 
Visit our website for this family's inspiring story and learn more about our summer programs! 🌞📚 Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
Lindamood-Bell Academy is our accredited California K-12 private school!  We provide personalized learning that is tailored to each student’s needs.
Enroll now for the upcoming school year and take advantage of our special offers:
✨ 25% off one month of tuition
✨ $500 off our Summer Learning programs in reading, comprehension, and math
Learn more and get started today! Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
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#LindamoodBellAcademy #LindamoodBell #privateschool
Happy Independence Day! 🇺🇸 
We hope your 4th of July is filled with friends, family, and loved ones—enjoy a safe celebration!
Transform your child’s learning with Lindamood-Bell this summer! 🌞✨

Our evidence-based instruction improves reading, comprehension, and math in just a few weeks!

✅ Personalized one-to-one sessions
✅ Available in person or live online
✅ Proven effective for students with dyslexia and ADHD

Give your child the confidence and skills they need to succeed in school. Save your spot today! 📚✨Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
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#lindamoodbell #summerslide #summercamp #testimonial
☀️Now enrolling for SUMMER!☀️
 
Give your student a boost in essential skills like reading, comprehension, or math in just a few weeks at our Learning Center. Attend in person or online to pave the way for success in the upcoming school year.
 
Hurry, summer spots are filling fast! Get started today! 🚀
 
Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
Your child can start thriving with Lindamood-Bell Academy, our accredited California K-12 private school! We provide personalized learning that is tailored to each student’s needs.
Enroll now for the upcoming school year and take advantage of our special offers:
✨ 25% off one month of tuition
✨ $500 off our Summer Learning programs in reading, comprehension, and math
Learn more and get started today! Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
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#LindamoodBellAcademy #LindamoodBell #privateschool
We’re thrilled to share an amazing resource with you—a FREE packet titled "Soar Through Summer" that you can download and enjoy! 📚✨ This packet includes 77 fun activities designed to enhance comprehension and thinking skills through engaging imagery questions.
 
Keep minds active and learning all summer long with these exciting activities. 🌞🧠 Download your free packet today and start your summer learning adventure! 🚀📖 Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
Parents, summer is the perfect time to help your student catch up or get ahead in MATH! 

Our unique approach develops the imagery-language foundation for math. Students of all ages can build new skills and confidence for the upcoming school year.

Act now to save 10% on the first week of Summer Instruction! 📚🚀

Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial
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#lindamoodbell #testimonial #math #dyscalculia
It’s not too late for summer learning at Lindamood-Bell! Our personalized instruction is tailored to meet your child's unique learning needs in a short amount of time. Visit our website for an inspiring student testimonial and to learn more about our summer programs! Follow the link in our bio, @lindamoodbellofficial.
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