English as a Second Language – Comprehension
ESL students who requested an accelerated approach to increase their vocabulary and comprehension received instruction in the Visualizing and Verbalizing program. On average, these students achieved excellent improvements in targeted reading measures. They made large (statistically significant) standard score changes on expressive oral vocabulary (Word Opposites) measures, and they also grew 11 percentile points in receptive oral vocabulary (Vocabulary) measures. As a result of significant improvements in these students’ abilities to visualize and verbalize, they experienced an average 23-point percentile increase in Written Language Comprehension. These increases in their English reading skills put these students well within the normal range (25th-75 percentile).
Results of ESL Students Who Received Comprehension Instruction Only
Years: Jan. 2008 – Sept. 2021
Number of Students: 1,259
Average Age: 12.3
Average Hours of Instruction: 104.5
Lindamood-Bell Instruction Implemented: Visualizing and Verbalizing