Wyoming Students Receiving Visualizing and Verbalizing Instruction Make a Significant Improvement in Comprehension
Comprehension, Elementary School Results, Visualizing and Verbalizing, Wyoming
Fort Washakie School in Washakie, Wyoming, serves a large percentage of students who are at-risk of reading failure. During the 2015-16 school year, Fort Washakie implemented Lindamood-Bell® instruction to address the specific needs of this student population. Twelve students received an average of 112 hours of primarily Visualizing and Verbalizing instruction to develop concept imagery for comprehension. Instruction was delivered by Fort Washakie teachers who received professional development in the Lindamood-Bell programs. Student gains were measured with a comprehension assessment.
On average, Visualizing and Verbalizing students made a large standard score change in comprehension. Additionally, the 31-point percentile increase put these students within the normal range (25th-75th percentile). Their pre- to posttest results were statistically significant. The results of this study illustrate that Lindamood-Bell instruction in the Visualizing and Verbalizing program leads to improved comprehension, which is essential to achieving success with school curricula.
Number of Students: 12
Grade Levels: 2nd-5th
Lindamood-Bell Programs Implemented: Visualizing and Verbalizing®
Outcome Measures: Gray Oral Reading Tests-4th (comprehension)