Kentucky Students Receiving Lindamood-Bell Instruction Exceed Expectations in Reading
Elementary School Results, Kentucky, Measures of Academic Progress, Seeing Stars, Visualizing and Verbalizing
Richard B. Cartmell Elementary School in Carrollton, Kentucky, serves a large percentage of students who are at-risk of reading failure. During the 2013-14 school year, Cartmell implemented Lindamood-Bell® instruction to address the specific needs of this student population. Students received an average of between 100-154 hours of Seeing Stars and Visualizing and Verbalizing instruction to develop symbol imagery and concept imagery for reading and comprehension. Instruction was delivered by Cartmell teachers who received professional development in the Lindamood-Bell programs. Student gains were measured with a reading assessment and were compared to expected gains, based on published norms.
On average, Lindamood-Bell students achieved significantly greater improvements than expected across all grade levels in reading. The results of this study illustrate that Lindamood-Bell instruction in the Seeing Stars and Visualizing and Verbalizing programs lead to improved reading and comprehension, which is essential to achieving success with school curricula.
Number of Students: 158
Grade Levels: 1st-5th
Lindamood-Bell Programs Implemented:
· Seeing Stars®
· Visualizing and Verbalizing®
Outcome Measures: Measures of Academic Progress (reading)