Florida Students Receiving Visualizing and Verbalizing Instruction Make a Significant Improvement in Comprehension
Comprehension, Elementary School Results, Florida, Visualizing and Verbalizing
Brooksville Elementary School in Brooksville, Florida, serves a large percentage of students who are at-risk of reading failure. During the 2007-08 school year, Brooksville implemented Lindamood-Bell® instruction to address the specific needs of this student population. Fifteen students received an average of 112 hours of Visualizing and Verbalizing instruction to develop concept imagery for comprehension. Instruction was delivered by Brooksville teachers who received professional development in the Lindamood-Bell programs. Student gains were measured with a comprehension assessment.
On average, Visualizing and Verbalizing students made a large standard score change in comprehension. Additionally, the 50-point percentile increase put these students within the normal range (25th-75th percentile). Their pre- to posttest results were statistically significant. The results of this study illustrate that Lindamood-Bell instruction in the Visualizing and Verbalizing program leads to improved comprehension, which is essential to achieving success with school curricula.
Number of Students: 15
Grade Levels: 2nd-3rd
Lindamood-Bell Programs Implemented: Visualizing and Verbalizing®
Outcome Measures: Gray Oral Reading Tests-4th (comprehension)